Science magazine: Pliocene Warmth, Polar Amplification, and Stepped Pleistocene Cooling Recorded in NE Arctic Russia

May 10, 2013

  1. Julie Brigham-Grette1,*,
  2. Martin Melles2,
  3. Pavel Minyuk3,
  4. Andrei Andreev2,
  5. Pavel Tarasov4,
  6. Robert DeConto1,
  7. Sebastian Koenig1,
  8. Norbert Nowaczyk5,
  9. Volker Wennrich2,
  10. Peter Rosén6,
  11. Eeva Haltia5,,
  12. Tim Cook7,
  13. Catalina Gebhardt8,
  14. Carsten Meyer-Jacob6,
  15. Jeff Snyder9,
  16. Ulrike Herzschuh10

Abstract

Understanding the evolution of Arctic polar climate from the protracted warmth of the middle Pliocene into the earliest glacial cycles in the Northern Hemisphere has been hindered by the lack of continuous, highly resolved Arctic time series. Evidence from Lake El’gygytgyn, NE Arctic Russia, shows that 3.6-3.4 million years ago, summer temperatures were ~8°C warmer than today when pCO2 was ~400 ppm. Multiproxy evidence suggests extreme warmth and polar amplification during the middle Pliocene, sudden stepped cooling events during the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition, and warmer than present Arctic summers until ~2.2 Ma, after the onset of Northern Hemispheric glaciation. Our data are consistent with sea-level records and other proxies indicating that Arctic cooling was insufficient to support large-scale ice sheets until the early Pleistocene.

via Pliocene Warmth, Polar Amplification, and Stepped Pleistocene Cooling Recorded in NE Arctic Russia.

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